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2011中考英语12篇书面表达专项测评练习

 

(1)
假定你是李华,最近你们班就“低碳”生活方式进行了讨论,你的美国朋友Jack来信向你询问讨论情况,请你用英语写封回信,简单参照作文地带介绍的以下讨论结果:
1.节水节电;
2.垃圾分类;
3.少用纸巾,重拾手帕;
4.步行,骑自行车或乘坐公交车。
参考词汇:低碳low carbon  纸巾tissue
注意:词数100以内(不含开头和结尾所给出的字数);可适当增加细节了,以使行文连贯;开头已为你写好,不计入总词数。
Dear Jack,
Thank you for your letter asking about our discussion on low carbon lifestyle. Here is something about it.
_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Best wishes,
Li Bing

参考范文:
Dear Jack,
Thank you for your letter asking about our discussion on low carbon lifestyle. Here is something about it.
    We can do a lot in our daily life to achieve the goal of low carbon life. First, we’d better turn off lights if possible and spend less time watching TV or surfing the Internet. Saving water also matters much. Besides, we should sort out the rubbish, hoping that we might recycle some, which will surely benefit us a great deal. ln addition, we suggest using handkerchiefs instead of tissues so that we can prevent more trees from being cut down. More importantly, when we go out, walking, riding bikes or taking buses should be our first choice, which contributes to a cleaner world.

(2)
随着互联网的发展和普及,网络购物在中国也变得越来越普遍了,甚至已经成了我们日常生活的一部分了;相信同学们身边一定有不少同学已经通过网络进行购物了,比如淘宝网,京东商城等;但是网络购物究竟有何利弊呢? 请写一篇短文,谈谈网上购物的好处与坏处。
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
参考范文:
We talked about the advantages and disadvantages of internet shopping these days. Some students think it's very convenience for us to go shopping on the internet. The shop on Internet for example taobao.com, 360buy.com are open for almost 24 hours a day so we can buy something we want at any time if we like. What's more, we needn't to wait in a queue.
However, some students disagreed with them. We can't see the things while we are shopping. so we are not sure whether they are good or not. Besides, we can't enjoy the happiness of shopping with our friends.
(3)
许多学习生活中的烦恼都会使人产生压力,为了更好地发现及解决同学们中存在的心理压力问题,你们班特意开展了一次以"Less Pressure, Better Life"为主题的英语演讲比赛,请你准备发言稿,谈谈你的一些缓解压力的好办法,与同学分享,内容包括:
●同学们中普遍存在的压力是什么;
●我的压力是什么;
●我是如何成功缓解我的压力的。
注意:文中不得出现真实的姓名和校名。
词数80~100;短文的开头已给出(不计入总词数)。
Less Pressure, Better Life
Hello, boys and girls!
Pressure is a serious problem in today’s world. Students in our class are under too much pressure. ___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
That’s all. Thank you!
参考范文:
Less Pressure, Better Life
Hello, boys and girls!
Pressure is a serious problem in today’s world. Students in our class are under too much pressure. Some students can’t get on well with their classmates, while others may worry about their exams.
I’m always under pressure, too. My parents want me to be the top student in class. So they send me to all kinds of after-classes at weekends.
Last Monday evening, I had a talk with my mother. I told her I was not lazy. I really felt tired. I needed time to relax. My mother agreed with me at last. So I think a conversation with parents is necessary to solve the problem.
That’s all. Thank you!

(4)
近年来,我国火灾频频发生。2010年11月15日,上海胶东路一座高楼起火,损失严重。这个事件提醒注意防火安全很重要。请你根据以下提示,写一篇短文来分析引起火灾的原因并谈谈你对火灾中自救的建议。
 
    要求:
    1.词数不少于90,短文开头过渡已为你写好,不计入总词数;
    2.要点完整、层次清楚、语法正确、上下文连贯。
提示:
防火安全fire safety    电  electricity    燃放烟花爆竹  set off fireworks
爬行crawl on one’s knees    消防栓  the fire hydrant
   Usually fire accidents are caused because of carelessness. For example, _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________                                               
   What can we do to protect ourselves when there is a fire?_________________________                                    ___
__________________________________________________________________________                                                     __                     _                                                                  
                                                                    
参考范文
 
(5)
请根据下表中提供的信息,用英语写一篇报道中国成功地发射了“嫦娥二号”探月卫星的短文。词数:80左右。
发射时间、地点 2010年10月1日晚10月1日西昌卫星发射中心
背景 1.它的建造技术基建与嫦娥一号,并且它有一些改进,比如更高分辨率的摄像头。
2.它将会持续120小时在月球表面100公里的高度环绕。
 
意义 1.得到详细的月球表面数据
2.标志着中国的科技发展达到了较高水平
 
参考词汇:绕月卫星 circumlunar satellite
嫦娥2号 Chang'e-2 lunar probe; Chang'e-2 lunar satellite
月球探测卫星 lunar probe; lunar exploration satellite; lunar orbiter
                       收集月球表面数据 collect lunar surface data
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
参考范文
    Chang'e 2 is scheduled for launch on October 1st, 2010, the national day of China. Chang'e 2 is China's second lunar orbiter. It is modeled after Chang'e 1 with some improvements including a better camera with higher resolution. Chang'e 2 will be traveling 100 kilometers above the moon for 120 hours. Its goal is to collect lunar surface data. Chang'e 2 is scheduled for launch on October 1st, 2010, the national day of China. All this shows that the development of science and technology in China has reached a high level. In the future, I believe that we will explore the universe further and further.

(6)
2011年全国实施公共场所禁烟规定,针对这一话题,某中学对该校学生的吸烟情况进行了一次调查,结果如图所示。请就此话题用英语写一篇短文。
要求:1. 对调查结果进行描述;
     2.表明自己的看法并提出建议;
          3.词数在80左右。
提示词: do a survey about…(做一个有关……的调查)
        3% of the students (百分之三的学生)
 
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
参考范文
A survey about smokers in a middle school tells that although 90% of all students never smoke, 3% of them often smoke and 7% sometimes do. In other words, 10% of the students smoke. That’s terrible.
As we know, smoking is harmful to our health. Every year, thousands of people lose their lives because of it. Smoking not only does harm to your health, but also wastes money. Because, a fire may be caused by cigarette ends. It’s a pity to learn that one ends in death by smoking.
In all, smoking is so dangerous that we should keep away from it.

(7)
据报道,从2011年开始韩国除了向所有小学和初高中学生发放纸质的语文、英语、数学教科书之外,同时还将发放光盘形式的电子教科书。这表明,在韩国,电子图书即将走进寻常百姓家。某英文论坛发起了一次主题为“E-Books, Good or Bad?”的讨论,请你写一篇80词左右的短文,表达你对这件事情的看法。
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
参考范文:                                                 
E-Books Are Good
It’s reported that school students in Korea will use e-books from 2011. What good news this is! E-books have many advantages.
Most importantly, they are good for the environment, since they can save lots of paper and trees. Besides, they are very convenient. To get a paper book, one has to spend a lot of time searching for it in a bookshop. But we can find e-books very quickly on the computer.
In short, e-books can make us enjoy life better.

(8)
2011年初,我国南方大部分地区遭受冻雨(freezing rain),特别是贵州、湖南和四川,灾情失分严重。公路、铁路、机场都被迫关闭,电网瘫痪。冻灾致使贵州40万人饮水难,四川两电厂停运。部分山区人民生活异常困难,在各级政府的带领下,人民群众、解放军战士英勇抗击冰灾,涌现出大批可歌可泣的英雄事迹。作为一名中学生,你有何感想?有何打算?能不能改变这种状态?
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
参考范文
As we know, our country suffered heavy ice early 2011. Everything was covered with freezing rain. Guizhou, Hunan and Sichuan suffered the most. It made the buses, trains and planes stop. The disaster destroyed power facilities, cutting power supplies in many areas. As a result, huge economic losses were caused. Many people suffered trouble. There was no food, water or light in some places. Our government called on people to fight against heavy snow. As a student, I think we should learn from those heroes. We must study hard at school. We should learn all kinds of knowledge to make our motherland stronger, better and richer.

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