今天是:

2011年中考阅读理解精练及参考答案(一)

 

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During all this time I never stopped thinking about escape. When I traveled across to the other side of the island, I could see the other islands, and I said to myself, "Perhaps I can get there with a boat. Perhaps I can get back to England one day."
  So I decided to make myself a boat. I cut down a big tree, and then began to make a long hole in it. It was hard work, but about six months later, I had a very fine canoe (独木舟). Next, I had to get it down to the sea. How silly I was! Why didn't I think before I began work? Of course, the canoe was too heavy. I couldn't move it! I pulled and pushed and tried everything, but it didn't move. I was very unhappy for a long time after that.
  That happened in my fourth year on the island. In my sixth year I did make myself a smaller canoe, but I did not try to escape in it. The boat was too small for a long journey, and I did not want to die at sea. The island was my home now, not my prison, and I was just happy to be alive.  A year or two later, I made myself a second canoe on the other side of the island. I also built myself a second house there, and so I had two homes.
  My life was still busy from morning to night. There were always things to do or to make. I learnt to make new clothes for myself from the skins of dead animals. They looked very strange, it is true, but they kept me dry in the rain.
  I kept food and tools at both my houses, and also wild goats. There were many goats on the island, and I made fields with high fences to keep them in. They learnt to take food from me, and soon I had goats' milk to drink every day. I also worked hard in my corn (玉米) fields. And so many years went by.
 1. The purpose of making a canoe on the island was to _____________.
  A. escape in it                  B. get to the other side of the island
  C. use it for food               D. go around the island
 2 To survive, the writer did the following EXCEPT _____________.
  A. keeping goats for milk         B. making clothes from animal skins
  C. working in the cornfields       D. going fishing in the sea
 3. Why didn't the writer use his first canoe?
  A. Because it was too small for a long journey.  
  B. Because it was too heavy to get down to the sea.
  C. Because there was something wrong with it.
  D. Because the writer was busy building a second house.
 4. From the story, we can learn that _____________.
  A. the writer tried to make his stay comfortable on the island
  B. the writer had nothing to do on the wild island
  C. the writer tried to escape in the second canoe, but failed
  D. the writer was in prison on the island, losing his freedom
 5.What is the best word to describe the writer?
    A. excited              B. brave        C. adventurous    D. hard-working

参考答案:ADBAC

 

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  Thousands of people have been killed in a massive(大规模的) earthquake in Japan. The quake -- the most powerful to hit Japan in more than 100 years -- caused massive damage and many people are missing and feared dead.
  The 8.9 magnitude quake struck Friday(March 11) off Japan's eastern coast, and prompted(引发) tsunami warnings(海啸警报)across the Pacific as far away as South America and the U.S. West Coast. Several days after a 8.9-magnitude earthquake and resulting 10-meter-high tsunami devastated the coastline. The United States Geological Survey says it was the fifth largest earthquake since 1900. The largest, with a 9.5 magnitude, shook Chile(智利) in 1960.
  In Japan, the tsunami swept away boats, cars and hundreds of houses in coastal areas north of Tokyo. The quake shook buildings in the Japanese capital and caused several fires. All train and subway traffic in Tokyo has been stopped, and thousands of people there were unable to get back home. People are just trying to find clean water. Food supplies are running out. In the convenience stores, there are no rice balls left. There is no bottled water left. People are facing a really  serious situation in the days ahead for these people that are living in areas that were only moderately(普通的) damaged. The final death toll could range from the thousands to tens of thousands, depending on how many of these communities are gone.
  Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan said the government would do everything it can to minimize(使降到最低) the effects of the disaster. And in Washington, President Obama said the United States is ready to help the people of Japan.

 1. The underline word damage means_____________ in the article.
     A. illness         B. disaster       C. terror          D. danger
 2. Which is true according to the passage?
     A. Thousands of people have been killed in a massive earthquake in Japan.
    B. Only people in areas that were only moderately damaged are facing a really serious situation in the days.
    C. The tsunami devastated  not only the coastline in Japan, but also the eras across the Pacific .as far away as South America and the U.S. West Coast.
    D. The massive earthquake caused the tsunami.
 3. According to the passage, which earthquak e is the larg est one since 1990 ?
     A. the one happened in Japan on March 11, 2011
     B. the one in Chile in 1960
     C. the fifth largest earthquake since 1900
     D. We don't know.
 4. If you're in Tokyo these days, what you can't get from the con  venience store?
     A. newspapers and magazines
     B. some medicine
     C. paper napkins and toothpastes
     D. rice balls and bottled water
 5. The passage can't be in/on __________.
     A. March 10th newspapers        B. TV         
     C.  Internet                    D.   Radios

参考答案: BDBDA

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第二节:请仔细阅读1-4题中的语言材料,从所给的A到F六个选项中选出与它们相对应的选项,其中一项为多余。
   1.The family  planning policy ("计划生育"政策) was introduced in 1979 to solve the population problems. Most couples could have only one child except some special families and those in some special areas.
  2. During the early 1990s, the workers were more than the jobs in most of the cities. Many workers were losing their jobs. "Jobless" was a hot topic at that time, so the leaders hoped the laid off workers could find new jobs or start up their own business.
  3. One of Deng's clever ideas was first performed in 1997. It described Hong Kong and Macao's situation after they returned to China. This policy would also be suitable for Taiwan. There would be one China, but Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan could have their own economies and political systems.
   4. Lei Feng was a soldier who was happy to help others. He died in an accident in 1962. On March 5th, 1963, Mao wrote a piece to say the Chinese should help others when necessary. After that, March 5th became a Volunteer Day.     60. The phrase appeared in 2004, referring to a p eaceful society where all people would work together to make the life better. This idea has become the main goal of the Chinese Communist Party now.
  A. "Learn from comrade Lei Feng",
  B. state owned company reforms (国有企业改革)
  C. One child in a family
  D. "one country, two systems"
  E. "harmonious society"
  F. "thrice- good"

参考答案:C B D A E

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