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2011年中考完形填空解答技巧及答案

 

完形填空训练步骤-1: 词法

利用已学构词法知识, 结合句意进行分析, 不难得出下列各题的答案。

1. That man was _______ enough not to tell the manager that he would not do the job.  

A. care         B. careful           C. careless              D. carelessness

2. The soldier died for saving the child, so his________ is heavier than Mount Tai.

   A. die         B. dead                    C. died                     D. death

3. The child looked ________ at his brother who was badly wounded.

   A. sadly                B. sadness           C. sad

4. He is an expert at chemistry. We all call him a ________.   

   A. chemistry               B. chemical          C. chemist             

5. Stephenson became the ________railway engineer in the world.

   A. lead               B. leader              C. leading             D. leadership

6. When the teacher praised him for working out the math problem, Jack looked ______ about at his classmates.

   A. proud           B. proudly                C. pride                   D. pridely

7. To everyone’s ________, the girl finished the job quite well.

   A. satisfied        B. satisfactory       C. satisfying            D. satisfaction

8. No one should enter the spot without the ________ of the police. 

   A. permit                  B. permission              C. permitting     

9. My TV is out of order. Can you tell me what is the _______ news about Iraq War?

   A. lately         B. latest            C. later              D. latter

10. To my ________, I passed the exam easily.

   A. joy               B. joyful            C. joyless               

11. The necklace that she lost is very expensive. It’s of great ________.

   A. valuable          B. value           C. valueless           D. unvaluable

12. There were ________ fish in the river in South America.

   A. in danger        B. danger           C. dangerous                 D. dangerless

13. The children live in a village ________. They come here almost every day. 

   A. nearby                 B. near                 C. nearly

14. ________ speaking, I didn’t do it on purpose.

   A. Honestly       B. Honest            C. Honesty                D. Dishonest

参考答案:BD A C C    B D B B A   B C A A

 

完形填空训练步骤-2: 词语辨析

词语辨析在完形填空题型可分为两类。一类是同义词辨析,此类型题较难。做题时,既要分析上下文语境, 又要具备语法知识。另一类是同词性单词辨析,这一类四个选项属于同一词类,但意义差别较大。解题时主要分析语境,兼顾考虑语法。

训练方法:通读全文,了解大意

做这类题目是,首先应该把文章通读一遍,了解一下文章的大概内容。千万不要读一句填一句,因为“完形填空”题里所给的大多数选项填入单句后都可成立,但从全文看又不可取。 我们以2003年安徽省中考完形填空题为例,其中有这样一句话:

The Thais (44)_______ to eat with their hands and now there are still some people who eat this way…

A. went             B. had                 C. wanted                  D. used

这句话如果只看空格,四个选项分别是
  短语: go to do…, have to do …, want to do…, used to do…, 但结合后半句and now there are still some people who eat this way, 可知答案应该是D。

补充练习:

①   Traffic means everything and everybody is using the roads. Today more and more people live in cities. So there is ___1___ traffic and usually not enough ___2____, and many of the roads are too narrow.

1. A. many       B. a lot of    C. much            D. a little                  

2. A. ways       B. streets   C. roads            D. cars                  

②   Why do accidents happen? Some people say that it is the fault of the people who _______ the roads. That means everybody.

A. build        B. make     C. use               D. destroy                 

③   Some people say that we must make our roads better. We can do it by ______ them wider and straighter.

A. using             B. making          C. choosing       D. mending

④   Accidents often happen on narrow roads or corners. Accidents often happen when one road ___1___ another. Sometimes there are traffic lights. These stop the cars on one road and let the cars on the other road ___2___.

1. A. crosses     B. covers          C. touches           D. passes

2. A. go on       B. come on         C. walk              D. wait  

⑤ Every day for the next three weeks, more e-mail kept arriving. I printed ______ of all of them.

       A. copies           B. pieces   C. parts              D. covers

⑥ “ I was bathing when the light was suddenly cut off. About a minute later, a bathhouse waiter ran in and cried ‘Fire!’ Everybody was frightened and tried to get away at once” said Li Fumin, _____ had escaped from Sunday’s fire in Northeast China’s Jilin Province.

       A. he                        B. that        C. who              D. whom

⑦ When Josie left school, she had no idea what she wanted to do. A friend of hers, who was a year older, and ___1___ name was Josephine, was at art college, and she persuaded Josie to join her there.

       1. A. his             B. her                C. whose            D. that                       

⑧ If you have a signal you can see it on the phone’s screen. Sometimes, if the signal is weak, ______ can be difficult to make a phone call.

       A. A. he            B. you        C. they              D. it  

参考答案:BCCBA   A ACC D

 

完形填空训练步骤-3: 篇章练习

训练方法:无词填空

根据文章的意思,用适当的词语填空,使文章完整通顺,每空一词:
  A small store sold a lot of jewels and the owner was always careful to prevent people (1)______ stealing them. One day, a thief came and tried to (2)______a beautiful necklace, (3)_______ the owner caught him at once and went to the telephone to call the (4)______. “Please don't do that!” the thief said, “I have a wife and three (5)_______ at home. And I will (6)______ for the necklace.”
  The owner felt sorry for the man and he didn't want to have much (7)______ with the police, so he (8)______ the man's offer. He went to prepare a bill for it. But when the owner gave it to him, the thief looked very (9)______ and said, “I didn't mean to get something as expensive as that. Do you have anything (10)________?”

 

这是一篇记叙文,文章介绍了小偷被店主抓住后的情况,文章在描写人物的心理和语言的使用上,用词恰如其分。

1. from, 这是一个固定短语,prevent (stop, keep)…from doing …,意思是“阻止……做某事”。

2. steal, 小偷来珠宝店的目的就是偷东西的。
  3. but, 这是一句并列句,带有转折的含义,当小偷要偷东西时,被细心的店主抓住。

4.police, 由第二段第一句话可知,店主是要给警察打电话的。

5.children, 小偷的家里也有妻子和孩子,这是一般的常识。

6.pay, 这是小偷被抓住之后的解脱方法,就是赔偿,pay for 就表达这一含义。

7. trouble, 店主是在听到小偷的话之后在进行妥协的,而且他自己也不想找麻烦。

8. accepted, 这是店主妥协之后的做法,接受小偷的赔偿的条件。

9. surprised, 店主开出的价格肯定是很高,超出了小偷所想象的范围,这由下句“I didn't mean to get something as expensive as that .”也会得到启示的。所以当小偷看到价格时会感到很吃惊。

10. cheaper, 对应前边的 “as expensive as that” 可知这里应该填cheaper。这也是同expensive 相对比的原因。

 

真题演练

(1)2002年北京海淀区中考试题中的完形填空题:

A hot dog is one of the most popular American foods. It was named after frankfurter, a German food.

You may hear “hot dog” 1   in other ways. People sometimes say “hot dog” to express  2 . For example, a friend may ask   3   you would like to go to the cinema. You might say “Great! I would love to go.” Or, you could say, “  4   ! I would love to go.”

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